手機APP下載

您現在的位置: 首頁 > 在線廣播 > VOA慢速英語 > VOA慢速-詞匯掌故 > 正文

VOA詞匯掌故(翻譯+字幕+講解):"先有雞還是先有蛋"的問題

來源:可可英語 編輯:liekkas ?  VIP免費外教試聽課 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下載MP3到電腦  批量下載MP3和LRC到手機
加載中..
|Y,*Q.Qvm922rjb

q9P)1Rbo^6.zp+v

Now, the VOA Learning English program, Words and Their Stories.

sOSxGR&4n803_9Gm

In the English language, some animals have come to represent human characteristics. Lions are brave. Foxes are tricky. And elephants are loyal, just to name a few.

&u4*sK&O1Q~O+v

Then there are chickens.

W.6!n224DARl^r

The English language has many chicken idioms and expressions. And, for the most part, none of them represent anything good.

B%-m_jK1N&i#E)Du

For example, a chicken can describe someone who is scared or afraid. Children commonly tease each other about being chicken. They often use actual chicken noises to make the teasing even more descriptive.

ygw0)QaeIw[=U@

先有雞還是先有蛋的問題.jpg

,,dpT~~sg.AIQsb-=je

The phrasal verb chicken out has a similar meaning. If you "chicken out," you decide not to do something because you are too scared.

DyzU9Yt#xZ

For example, let's say you and your friends are at a party. They dare you to go on stage and sing with the band that is playing. "No problem," you say. You're not chicken, you tell yourself. But as you walk toward the stage, sweat starts dripping down your back. Your heart beats faster. Without realizing it, you are backing away from the stage and running toward the restroom.

_=|Tpi5n~t0#Z(mt=@Co

You have chickened out.

I6gFR)ebQol&

There are other ways in English to insult someone using chicken expressions.

r3&8!xW;@^5C|FJU

If you are running around like a chicken with its head cut off you are acting in a crazy way. You don't seem in control of your mind or body. This comes from the gruesome fact that sometimes when a chicken's head is cut off, its body can still run around before it dies.

p(U,SU!n7BpR2_fefiBO

You can use this expression in many situations. To use another party example, let's say you are planning a big party for a friend. You are in charge of inviting guests, choosing the food and drinks, decorations and entertainment. So, you are in charge of everything! You have a lot to do.

+79B[AX)dQ1wX

So, you ask your best friend, Christopher, to help. But he's not a big help. All he can think about is who he's inviting to the party. You see, his girlfriend is out of town. So, he invites a woman he's been dating secretly, Liza. You warn him that this could backfire. But he doesn't care.

vAON*W4U0BUxaGPdp4w]

The day of the party comes. And things start going wrong almost immediately.

4zy-OGZK0r+E7+z|b

The florist sends funeral flowers instead of the bright party flowers you ordered. The food you ordered is frozen and will not be ready for at least another day. The drinks are warm because you don't have enough ice. And the lead singer of the band is sick.

~9W4_r%;WO

You run around like a chicken with its head cut off trying to fix all the problems. When the food delivery man hands you a bill for the food no one can eat yet, you tell him you can't read it. His handwriting is like chicken scratch. If someone is a really messy writer, you can compare their handwriting to the markings that chickens make on the ground with their feet -- we call that chicken scratch.

B@YsWT,^Mn4B1.O1

Finally, you calm down.

VI#ia.^7HEj+ko+R

You ask a friend to buy more ice for you. You ask another friend to order some pizzas. And then you ask your Uncle Fred to sing with the rock band. He's older than they are, but he still sings really well.

+GDdlFRUv#^a

"Well, I'm no spring chicken," he says, "but I'll do my best!"

KX,6Kt6iYj

If someone is old, we can say they are no spring chicken. This expression is informal and could be insulting. So, use it with care. Most importantly, we always use this expression in the negative. You would not call someone who is young "a spring chicken."

^v.MgZ(,CbmDk

This leads us to another chicken idiom. This one is not an insult, but it does describe a bad situation.

lI7=R;52=5GW*Flo

What happens when your chickens come home to roost?

u7lzgc#h%cdA

First, what is to roost? To roost means to settle down for rest or sleep. We usually use it when talking about birds. Chickens usually return to their homes to rest. When we say your chickens have come home to roost, we are saying that your past wrongdoings have returned to negatively affect you. In this expression, the chickens represent the things you did wrong in your past.

x~kMb8b^7F,%z]_3Ol=

For this idiom, let's use your best friend Christopher. One of his "chickens" is that he's been secretly dating Liza. In fact, this "chicken" comes to the party. And so does his girlfriend -- the girlfriend he thought was out of town. She sees Christopher and Liza dancing closely together and demands to know what is going on!

Hlng4TbWk,

His girlfriend yells at him. Then Liza yells at him. Then they both yell at him. It's awful. You could say to Christopher, "Well, I warned you. And now your chickens have come home to roost!"

ml*ZZa&YOE8

But you don't say this. He's your friend. And nobody likes to hear, "I told you so."

q(iJ[#pX)1guv!_s^Mu

Like we said earlier, we usually use "chicken" in a negative way -- well, except with this last example. You may have heard people ask: Which came first, the chicken or the egg?

jsyb59hR,X~

We ask this question when talking about a cause-and-effect relationship between two things where we don't know which happened first. What is the cause and what is the effect?

%wdK=u17y&

We often shorten it to simply chicken-and-egg. You can call something a chicken-and-egg situation or a chicken-and-egg problem.

oeo_#CHHg,k39

Here is how to use it. Let's say you don't like math. You don't do very well in the subject at school. You could say, it's a chicken-and-egg kind of thing. You don't know which came first. Do you dislike math because you're not good at it? Or are not good at math because you don't like it?

UO)diu6RbPF@=%&F_c

This is a classic chicken-and-egg situation.

SM2~7=5@xL7Nb3

So, back to the party. People are enjoying the pizza, the drinks are cold and Uncle Fred is rocking out with the band. People are even having fun taking their picture with the "R.I.P." ribbons in the funeral flowers. Everyone is having a good time.

e8DW^v~_XO0a76O^,OQ

Well, everyone but Christopher. He's still busy dealing with his roosting chickens.

#mk=93|+[%#jar3

That's the end of this Words and Their Stories.

HTzWsnJjhh+W)xF

What does the chicken represent in your language?

X&wPf65@Bzfp6b

Do they represent good things, bad or both? Let us know in the Comments Section!

kRx(cnq-r[gmT^

I'm Jonathan Evans ...

j^SS(]*sL^b

... and I'm Anna Matteo.

%6K7HLOGIqTho9KYC9=d9uhI-IoZj_,G3BU;s5YwmFzR[z%_ITi~%

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
describe [dis'kraib]

想一想再看

vt. 描述,畫(尤指幾何圖形),說成

聯想記憶
teasing ['ti:ziŋ]

想一想再看

n. 戲弄

 
tease [ti:z]

想一想再看

n. 揶揄者,戲弄
v. 欺負,嘲弄

聯想記憶
dealing ['di:liŋ]

想一想再看

n. 經營方法,行為態度
(復數)dealin

 
insult ['insʌlt]

想一想再看

vt. 侮辱,凌辱,辱罵
n. 侮辱,辱罵

 
dislike [dis'laik]

想一想再看

v. 不喜歡,厭惡
n. 不喜愛,厭惡,反感

聯想記憶
characteristics [,kærəktə'ristiks]

想一想再看

n. 特性,特征;特質;特色(characteristi

 
settle ['setl]

想一想再看

v. 安頓,解決,定居
n. 有背的長凳

 
shorten ['ʃɔ:tn]

想一想再看

v. 弄短,變短

聯想記憶
band [bænd]

想一想再看

n. 帶,箍,波段
n. 隊,一群,樂隊

 
?
發布評論我來說2句

    英語學習推薦

    • 英語聽寫訓練
      聽寫強化訓練系統有聽寫比對,按句停頓,中文翻譯、聽寫錯詞提示等特色功能.
    • 可可英語微信:ikekenet
      關注可可英語官方微信,每天將會向大家推送短小精悍的英語學習資料..

    科學美國人60秒

    可可英語官方微信(微信號:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英語學習資料.

    添加方式1.掃描上方可可官方微信二維碼。
    添加方式2.搜索微信號ikekenet添加即可。
    忻州| 莆田| 包头| 永新| 酒泉| 辽阳| 克孜勒苏| 金坛| 溧阳| 招远| 通辽| 廊坊| 漯河| 吉安| 乐山| 酒泉| 内江| 防城港| 宜都| 永州| 单县| 保亭| 保山| 白沙| 孝感| 上饶| 吉林长春| 启东| 溧阳| 大兴安岭| 大兴安岭| 贺州| 凉山| 顺德| 巢湖| 无锡| 安康| 金华| 西藏拉萨| 公主岭| 娄底| 吴忠| 阿里| 日喀则| 黑河| 日照| 黄南| 诸城| 新疆乌鲁木齐| 辽宁沈阳| 澄迈| 醴陵| 丹阳| 宁波| 六安| 澳门澳门| 三亚| 吴忠| 泰安| 酒泉| 淮南| 昌吉| 南通| 阜新| 崇左| 任丘| 桐乡| 曲靖| 汕尾| 阿克苏| 陇南| 大兴安岭| 山西太原| 潮州| 南平| 湘潭| 邹平| 承德| 楚雄| 宿迁| 邵阳| 保定| 义乌| 巴彦淖尔市| 南安| 图木舒克| 河源| 石河子| 宜春| 鄂尔多斯| 宜宾| 蚌埠| 呼伦贝尔| 邵阳| 本溪| 燕郊| 曲靖| 白银| 安岳| 昌吉| 天水| 瓦房店| 义乌| 海宁| 威海| 汕头| 固原| 晋江| 保山| 铜陵| 衡阳| 澄迈| 三沙| 台山| 项城| 瓦房店| 攀枝花| 恩施| 晋中| 锡林郭勒| 泰兴| 北海| 桐城| 江西南昌| 贵港| 赵县| 长兴| 北海| 朔州| 温岭| 陕西西安| 垦利| 定州| 云南昆明| 平顶山| 西藏拉萨| 和县| 那曲| 明港| 汕头| 天门| 晋城| 福建福州| 朔州| 霍邱| 衡阳| 公主岭| 三明| 保定| 孝感| 洛阳| 赵县| 漳州| 那曲| 洛阳| 浙江杭州| 中卫| 昌都| 漯河| 普洱| 信阳| 株洲| 丽水| 江西南昌| 喀什| 云南昆明| 枣阳| 宁夏银川| 毕节| 怀化| 湘潭| 偃师| 毕节| 潮州| 余姚| 湖北武汉| 永州| 广元| 汝州| 遵义| 克孜勒苏| 博尔塔拉| 广西南宁| 昌吉| 台湾台湾| 长兴| 兴安盟| 灵宝| 伊春| 江苏苏州| 庄河| 基隆| 泰兴| 阳泉| 黑龙江哈尔滨| 济宁| 黔南| 吕梁| 广西南宁| 如皋| 包头| 四平| 深圳| 绵阳| 如东| 阳泉| 贺州| 台州| 北海| 凉山| 慈溪| 荣成| 益阳| 灌云| 三河| 肇庆| 辽阳| 肥城| 曲靖| 永州| 张家界| 鸡西| 海门| 铁岭| 唐山| 海北| 鄢陵| 乐山| 随州| 章丘| 东阳| 吉安| 安吉| 上饶| 钦州| 宜都| 宜昌| 南京| 五指山| 五指山| 五指山| 张家口| 汉中| 呼伦贝尔| 简阳| 临夏| 唐山| 武威| 深圳| 秦皇岛| 永新| 朔州| 黔西南| 烟台| 惠州| 青海西宁| 河池| 晋城| 马鞍山| 五家渠| 百色| 乳山| 改则| 佛山| 白银| 台湾台湾| 吉林长春| 内蒙古呼和浩特| 招远| 澄迈| 中卫| 仁寿| 雅安| 遂宁| 扬州| 基隆| 大连| 安康| 定安| 山南| 慈溪| 新泰| 宿州| 晋中| 绵阳| 禹州| 襄阳| 保定| 湘西| 芜湖| 兴化| 玉溪| 吴忠| 新余| 怀化| 天门| 定州| 河南郑州| 明港| 绍兴|